Wednesday, September 13, 2023
HomeCSSRestoring a remark element with modern-day CSS

Restoring a remark element with modern-day CSS

As a component of my interested UI evaluation, I thought of why not to consider prominent web sites as well as see just how they executed the remark element format. In the beginning, I assumed this will certainly be a simple job, however it had not been.

I invested a great deal of time attempting to comprehend just how this functions as well as just how we can do it much better with modern-day CSS like : has, dimension container inquiries, as well as design inquiries. In this post, I will certainly stroll you with my mind as well as share my searchings for along the road.

Allow’s dive in!

Post collection



Below is the format that we will certainly develop. In the beginning look, it could be easy, however there are a great deal of little information.

We have a remark that can be embedded right into 2 even more degrees. I will certainly call those “midsts” in the post.

Take into consideration the complying with number.

It demonstrates how the deepness is transformed based upon the degree of nesting for each and every remark.

Thinking of the format

Prior to diving right into the great information, I choose to service the format initially as well as ensure it functions wonderful. The objective of this technique is to check out the possibility of modern-day CSS to fix that issue for me.

The initial to remember is the HTML markup. The framework of the remarks is a great suitable for an unordered checklist << ul>>

    <<  The 
  << Remark/>> serves as a placeholder for the remark element. That is the HTML for a checklist of 2 remarks with no replies. If we have a reply or even more to among the remarks, after that a brand-new 
  << ul>> will certainly be added.<
    << <


From a semantic viewpoint, the above noises sensible. I called the title "remark wrapper" to not puzzle the definition of the remark element itself. In the complying with area, I will certainly describe my reasoning on developing the format to deal with the impression or spacing for the remark responds. Take into consideration the complying with markup:

    << <
      < We have 2 major remarks as well as one reply. From an aesthetic viewpoint, it will certainly appear like the following:  I choose to maintain all the spacing as well as impression things to the 
        << li>> things just, as they function as a   house for the remark element
       Utilizing information credit to deal with the spacing The initial point I thought of is utilizing information qualities on the 
    << ul>> as well as << li>>
    << <
<< We can call the 

<< ul>>

as well as do particular designing as required. In the number listed below, the initial reply has a spacing on the delegated show that it’s aesthetically pertaining to the initial remark.

In CSS, we can do something such as this:

   li { padding-left
    :  3rem ;
    }  While that could function, we can do better with CSS variables as well as design inquiries. Utilizing CSS design inquiries
       We can examine if the CSS variable -- embedded: real is contributed to the container as well as design the youngster things based upon that.
         Take into consideration the complying with markup where I included an inline CSS variable -- embedded: real  to the 
      << ul>> components.<
    << <
   With  design inquiries, I can examine if the CSS variable exists as well as design the 
<< li>> component based upon that. This is sustained in Chrome Canary just, in the meantime. @container


(-- embedded: real)


li { padding-left: 3rem

;} } 
   Below is why I choose design inquiries over information qualities:  It's simpler to comprehend. It reviews   @container, as well as the simple words claim it. If the container has the -- embedded: real CSS variable, after that use the complying with things. It's feasible to incorporate several design inquiries for even more control over CSS. If required, we can make use of 
     dimension container inquiries in addition to design inquiries, as well.  An additional service is to make use of 
     CSS subgrid to develop the embedded remarks format. Allow me be sincere with you, it will certainly be extra CSS code, however it's trendy to check out the possibility of brand-new CSS attributes. I will certainly describe regarding subgrid in a quick to provide you a suggestion. Take into consideration the complying with CSS grid: 
        << <
   li.main { screen
    :  grid ;
   grid-template-columns:  3rem 3rem 1fr
;}  This will certainly be contributed to the initial straight 

<< li>> component of the << ul>>

checklist. That grid will certainly appear like this:

 Presently, in CSS grid, it's not feasible to pass the major grid to the youngster things. In our situation, I intend to pass the grid columns to the initial [data-nested="true]<< ul>>, and afterwards to the [data-nested="true]
  << li>>  of that 
  << ul>> Many thanks to CSS subgrid, this is feasible currently. It's readily available just in Firefox as well as Safari. Chrome gets on  the means

Take into consideration the complying with number:

Initially, we require to establish the major grid as complies with. We have 3 columns.

@container design(

— embedded: real) {

 li.main { screen
  :  grid ; grid-template-columns:  3rem 3rem 1fr; remark { grid-column: 
     1/ -1; } 
    } }   The remark element will certainly constantly cover the complete size. That's why I included  grid-column: 1/ -1 It indicates: "cover the remark from the initial to the last column". This is valuable to prevent going into the column number by hand for each and every deepness in the nesting. Something such as this:  @container design(-- embedded
      :  real)
         { li.main.comment  {
       grid-column:  1/ 4
    ;}  ul
ul remark {
   grid-column:  1/ 3
    ;}  } 
   Cool. The following action is to place the  deepness= 1 remarks within the major grid, and afterwards include 
 subgrid as well as place the internal << li>>

@container design(— embedded

:   real) { ul { grid-column : 
   2/ 4 ;
     screen:  grid;


  • ;> > li { grid-column:
  • 1/ 3
  • ; screen:

grid; grid-template-columns


  } }   Lastly, we require to place the  deepness= 2 checklist. @container design(
    -- embedded:   real
    ) { ul
       { grid-column: 
         2/ 3; } 
        }  That service functions, however I'm not a follower of every one of that information. An easy  cushioning
           can repair it. Still unsure regarding just how it functions? See the complying with video clip which reveals me checking the grid in the DevTools. Take A Look At the 
             Codepen demonstration  That's it! Currently we have remarks with spacing that mirrors their partnership.
           Thinking of the attaching lines To make it extra clear that there is a respond to a remark, there are attaching lines in between the major remark as well as responds. The Facebook group utilized a << div>>
         to deal with the lines. Can I do something various? Take into consideration the complying with number:  In the beginning, your mind could attempt to deceive you right into: "Hey, this appears like a rectangular shape with a left as well as lower boundary as well as a boundary span under left edge".
       li: prior to { material
    : "";
   size:  30px
; elevation: 
 70px ;
   border-left:  2px strong #ef 5da8;
   border-bottom:  2px strong #ef 5da8;

: 15px;} The minute I entered

elevation:. in the above CSS, I recognized that this will not function. Exactly how would certainly I understand the elevation? It's not feasible with CSS, why? Due to the fact that I require to make the lower side of the line straightened to the initial reply character. After that, I thought of utilizing pseudo-elements for that function. Suppose that rounded line can be split right into 2 components? The line can be contributed to the major remark, as well as the rounded

component is for the reply. Well, suppose we have an additional respond to the initial reply? Below is an aesthetic that demonstrates how the lines will certainly function: In CSS, we require to make use of pseudo-elements to accomplish the line result. Prior to diving right into the CSS to apply that, I intend to highlight that the line or the contour will certainly be


according fully row.

 Managing the line contributed to the major remark  This is the initial difficulty to take on. We require to include a line to the initial remark  if it has replies Exactly how to do that? Many Thanks to CSS : has, we can examine if an << li>>  consists of a 
  << ul>> , as well as if indeed, we use the CSS required.
     Take into consideration the complying with HTML: <<<

    < <
     We require to design every 
  << Remark/>>
 with the list below problems: 

it’s a straight youngster of an << li>> the << li>> has a

<< ul>>  as a kid the moms and dad goes to  deepness: 0 or  deepness: 1 Below is just how the above equate to CSS. CSS variables + design inquiries + has = an effective   conditional designing
     design(-- deepness: 

  )[depth="1"] or[depth="2"] design (
    -- deepness:  1)
 li: has( ul) >>. remark

{ placement: loved one;&&: prior to {

 material :  ""; placement : outright ;
   left[depth="1"] : 
     calc( var(
    -- dimension)/ 2) 
    ; leading :(* )2rem (* ); base

    :(* )0  ;(* )size 
      : 2px ; history(* ):(* )# 222
       The above is simply an instance of why I choose utilizing design inquiries over HTML information qualities for taking care of the deepness of the remark as well as responds.  deepness: 1 responds. This time around, the
     < li > 
   will certainly make use of both the 
: prior to

as well as: after pseudo-elements.

 @container   design ( -- deepness: 1 )   {
   li: not(: last-child )(* ){[depth="2"] 
    : loved one <; &: prior to 
}(* )} 

li { placement


loved one; &: after



}} Lastly, We require to include the rounded component per

< li >


 deepness: 2 , as well as the line to all (* )< li > 
   s other than the last one. We require to do the complying with reasoning:  Include the   rounded component per 
   < li > in deepness: 2 .
   Include the line per < li > other than the last one in deepness: 2
   The rounded line is a rectangular shape with a boundary as well as span under left. Allow me describe that: @container design
  (-- deepness: 2
  ) { li  {

: loved one &;

&: after

{ material : “”;(* )placement

:(* )outright

;(* )inset-inline-start:(* )15px;


: -2 px ; elevation (* ): 20px; size: 28px


 border-inline-start(* ):(* )2px strong # 000(* ); border-bottom  : 2px strong # 000 ; border-end-start-radius: 10px;} }
   li: not (: last-child) {  &: prior to(* ){}}} Notification that I'm utilizing sensible residential or commercial properties for the (* )boundary as well as  border-radius This serves to make the UI dynamically turn when the file language is RTL. I will certainly concern this later on in the post. Take A Look At the 
     Codepen demonstration(* ).(* )Disabling the lines  What Happens If somehow we require to conceal attaching lines? Well, many thanks to design inquiries, this is easy as toggling on as well as off a CSS variable.  By nesting all the 
     deepness associated design inquiries within the  -- lines: real  one, we can make certain that the limes will certainly be revealed just when the CSS variable is established. @container design  (-- lines:  real)
       { @container design
        (-- deepness : 
       0) {
    }  @container  design
   ((* )-- deepness :(* )1 )
   {} @container 
     design ( -- deepness 
  :(* )1) {
} @container design

( -- deepness:

  • 2 )
  • {}(* )} (* )Check out the complying with video clip: You could be believing that every one of the above is simply for the major consisting of format as well as lines. Yes, that’s proper! I have not also thought of the remark element yet. Allow's chat a closer appearance: In the beginning look, this is a best situation>forpresent the character>as well as


 (* )Like(* )   Reply        Please keep in mind that the HTML over is really standard. It does not mirror a production-level code, as well as it is simply there to assist describe the CSS things.  remark {-- dimension: 2rem;  screen
  :  flex 
    ; space:  0.5 rapid eye movement(* );

    }  character
       { flex : 0 0
       var (-- dimension(* )) ;
       size :   var ((* )-- dimension); elevation: var(-- dimension 
      ); border-radius:
       50 % ;(* )} That's the standard format, however we have a whole lot even more than that. Nonetheless, in this post, I will certainly concentrate just on the important things that are one-of-a-kind as well as vital to describe.  Following are a couple of factors to consider for the remark body element.
       This component alone of the remark element will certainly require to deal with: Minimum size  Lengthy material Multilingual material( LTR vs RTL )
       Context food selection Remark communications  Modifying state Mistake state 
     I will not have the ability to highlight every one of the above in this post, as I could wind up creating a publication.
   What I will certainly highlight are some wagers that I located fascinating to be a great prospect for modern-day CSS.
 Altering the customer character dimension

When a reply is embedded within a remark, the customer character dimension will certainly lessen. This is great to make it aesthetically simple to compare a major remark as well as a reply.

Utilizing design inquiries is excellent for that. customer { flex: 0 0 var(— dimension

) ; size:  var(-- dimension )
  ;  elevation
    :  var(-- dimension

    ) ;

   { -- dimension
    :  2rem; @container

     design (
    -- deepness

) or design(— deepness: 2

  • ) {— dimension: 1.5 rapid eye movement;}
  • } Dynamic message positioning with dir= vehicle A remark could have a left-to-right (LTR) or right-to-left (RTL) language. The message positioning must be various based upon the material language. Many thanks to dir= vehicle HTML characteristic, we can allow the internet browser do that for us.


< <<<<<< <
< <
< CSS Rational Features By utilizing CSS sensible residential or commercial properties

, we can develop the remark element in a manner that modifications based upon the file instructions. The exact same relates to the attaching lines, as well. Have a look at the complying with video clip. Notification just how it makes changing from LTR to RTL a wind!
The emoji-only state When the customer includes a remark that contains emojis just, the consisting of wrapper will certainly alter a little bit: This is a best use-case for CSS : has
remark: has(. emjois-wrapper) { history
: var(-- default
); cushioning:
var(-- reset)
;} Final Thought It's constantly thrilling of what can be performed with modern-day CSS. Attempting to think of a part or a design that is currently constructed in a brand-new means is a fantastic means to find out brand-new things. I found out a great deal of brand-new points as well as appreciated the entire procedure.
Thanks for analysis.


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