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Find out how to Break up a String into Substrings in JavaScript

On this tutorial, you’ll study the alternative ways you’ll be able to break up a string into substrings, and when every technique is helpful.

Strings could be simply manipulated in JavaScript for various functions — utilizing native strategies out there within the language. We’ve lately coated learn how to convert a quantity to a string and learn how to convert a string to a quantity in JavaScript.

One other means a string could be manipulated is by extracting components of it for use for one thing else. For instance, you might need a full URL however wish to extract simply the hash half. Otherwise you might need a listing of things separated by commas and wish to use every of these things individually.

Break up a String into Substrings Utilizing substring()

All strings in JavaScript have a substring() technique. This technique can be utilized to retrieve a substring at particular indices.

substring() accepts two parameters. The primary one is required, and signifies the index the substring begins at. The second is elective, and signifies the index the substring ends at. If the second parameter is omitted, the substring will begin on the index supplied as a primary parameter and proceed till the top of the string.

It’s necessary to notice that the primary parameter is a 0-based index, which means the primary character is at index 0, the second is at index 1, and so forth. One other necessary factor to notice is that the second parameter is one better than the index you need the substring to finish at. For instance, if you need the string to finish at index 12, you present 13 for the second parameter.

For instance:

const a = 'Bytes and bits';
const b = a.substring(10, 13);

On this instance, substring() is used on the variable a to retrieve a substring. The substring begins on the index 10 and ends on the index 13. The returned worth is bit. Discover that substring() returns the substring with out mutating the worth of the variable it’s used on.

See the Pen
Utilizing substring to separate string
by SitePoint (@SitePoint)
on CodePen.

Retrieving Indices

Most often, you gained’t know the beginning or finish indices of the substring whereas writing the code. The index may very well be primarily based on different inputs or variables.

In these circumstances, you should use the indexOf() technique. This technique returns the index of a substring in a string if it happens in it. If the substring doesn’t exist within the string, it returns -1.

When you retrieve the index utilizing indexOf(), you’ll be able to retrieve the substring.

For instance:

const url = '';
const hash = url.indexOf('#');
if (hash !== -1) {

On this instance, you retrieve the index of the hash character # within the variable url. If the worth of the index isn’t -1, you retrieve the substring from url beginning on the index of the hash.

You may attempt it out within the following CodePen demo.

See the Pen
Utilizing substring with indexOf to separate string
by SitePoint (@SitePoint)
on CodePen.

Break up a String into Substrings Utilizing break up()

One other helpful method to retrieve a substring from a string is the break up() technique. In case your string is a listing of things separated by a delimiter, you should use the break up() technique to separate the string into an array of substrings primarily based on the delimiter.

break up() accepts two elective parameters. The primary parameter is the delimiter that ought to be used to find out how the string is break up. If none is supplied, an array is returned with one merchandise which is the string as an entire.

The second parameter is a quantity that limits the variety of substrings returned within the array. If supplied, the string is break up on the delimiter till the restrict is reached, and the remainder of the textual content within the string will likely be omitted from the array.

For instance:

const str = 'Toyota,Nissan,Mercedes,Tesla';
const automobiles = str.break up(',');

On this instance, break up() is used on a string that comprises a listing of automotive model names separated by the , delimiter. The returned array comprises every automotive model title as an merchandise within the array.

Word that break up() returns the array of substrings with out affecting the worth of the string it’s used on.

The next dwell instance demonstrates how a string separated by commas could be break up into record objects.

See the Pen
Utilizing break up to get substrings
by SitePoint (@SitePoint)
on CodePen.


On this tutorial, you’ve realized learn how to break up a string into substrings utilizing the strategies substring() and break up().

substring() is helpful once you wish to retrieve a single substring from a string at a selected index. You should use it with indexOf() to retrieve the beginning or ending index of the substring.

break up(), then again, is helpful when you could have a string that comprises a listing of things separated by a delimiter, akin to a comma. You may then break up the string into an array of substrings utilizing break up().

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